2015 is shaping up to deliver a supertall skyline across the globe.
According to data from The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, there are a whopping 487 buildings set for completion next year, 163 of which will be based in China. Of the tall buildings slated to rise, 22 will extend beyond 300 metres.
In the coming year, the world’s second tallest building – the 601 metre Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, which was completed in 2012 – is expected to be trumped by Shanghai Tower at 632 metres.
Here’s a brief look at some of the tallest skyscrapers expected to rise in 2015:
1. Shanghai Tower, Shanghai, China
Height: 632 metres
Main Contractor: Shanghai Construction Group
The 128-floor Shanghai Tower will be a mixed use hotel and office building. According to Gensler, it will be the world’s first super high-rise precinct. The skyscraper’s curved facade features rounded corners which allow it to taper to reduce building wind loads by 24 per cent.
Shortly after the Burj Khalifa unveiled its 555-metre high observation deck, Shanghai Tower will top it with an observation deck 561 metres above grade upon completion.
2. Marina 101, Dubai, UAE
Height: 427 metres
Architect: National Engineering Bureau
Main Contractor: TAV Construction
Marina 101 (a reference to its 101 floors) will feature apartments, but it is also set to house the UAE’s first Hard Rock Hotel.
It will be the second tallest building in Dubai behind Burj Khalifa, with the top 20 floors reportedly set to house some of the most expensive penthouses in the city.
3. 432 Park Avenue, New York City, USA
Height: 432 metres
Architect: Rafael Vinoly Architects; SLCE Architects
Main Contractor: Bovis Lend Lease
This striking residential skyscraper joins the global trend toward “skinny” building structures. Constructed of concrete, it features elegant 10 foot by 10 foot windows offering prime Central Park views. There will also be 10 full floor penthouses.
4. Capital Market Authority Tower, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Height: 385 metres
Architect: HOK; Omrania & Associates
Main Contractor: Saudi Bin Laden Group
This office tower is aiming for a LEED Gold rating and will be the tallest of five structures within the financial plaza of the King Abdullah Financial District.
According to HOK, its design represents “timelessness and openness, the tower’s transparency relates to the cultural value of the crystals found along the wadis in the Saudi Arabian desert. This transparency creates internal openness and provides access to natural light within the workplace.”
5. Eton Place Dalian Tower 1, China
Height: 383 metres
Main Contractor: China Construction Second Engineering Bureau
This skyscraper is part of a mixed-use project which includes Super Tower 1 (which has been topped out), Super Tower 2 and three 150-metre residential towers.
A key feature is a large public park that will stand atop a podium bringing nature into the sky according to NBBJ.
6. Federation Towers: Vostok Tower in Moscow, Russia
Height: 373 metres
Architect: nps+partner; Schweger Associated Architects
Main Contractor: ENKA; Turner Construction
Upon completion, this will be Europe’s tallest building, with construction on the tower taking 10 years. According to Emporis, the installation of the skyscraper’s 14,000 cubic metre foundation slab alone took 84 hours.
The building will be mixed use, offering residential, hotel and office space.
7. OKO Tower, Moscow Russia
Height: 352 metres
Architect: Skidmore, Ownings & Merrill
Main Contractor: Ant Yapi Sanayi ve Ticaret Ltd. Azu.
According to its architects, OKO Tower will feature an 85-storey skyscraper and a 49-storey office tower connected at the base by a transparent crystalline structure.
The mixed use residential and hotel building will be housed within a lively urban district, which has been likened to Paris’ La Defense and London’s Canary Wharf. The gently tapered skyscraper will be surrounded by parkland, an injection of green for the building’s inhabitants and the surrounding area.
8. Forum 66 Tower 2, Shenyang China
Height: 351 metres
Architect: Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates; P & T Group
Structural Engineer: Arup
This 68-floor office skyscraper is part of another mixed-use project. The fluid nature of the architecture is set to reflect the rivers that flow through Shenyang.
Another key feature according to Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates is the “floating” glowing lanterns atop the skyscraper, which sparkle during the daytime and function as a beacon at night.
9. ADNOC Headquarters, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Height: 342 metres
Main Contractor: Besix
Another HOK project, this skyscraper will be an iconic landmark for Abu Dhabi and the headquarters of the city’s National Oil Company.
The top of the building features a hollow section somewhat reminiscent of the “can opener” design of the Shanghai World Financial Tower.
The skyscraper also features a three level rectilinear podium which extends from the base of the tower to house retail space, a museum and lobby.
10. Ahmed Abdul Rahim Al Attar Tower, Dubai, UAE
Height: 342 metres
Architect: Eng. Adnan Saffarini
Developer: Al Attar Properties
This steel and concrete residential skyscraper has been topped out and sits on Sheikh Zayed Road, Dubai.
Each corner of the rectangular building features gold facade elements and tapers in to feature a generous spire.