Industrial giant Caterpillar has reported slightly higher quarterly profits as gains in its construction segment overcame continued declines in mining.
Caterpillar, which sells machinery to a range of sectors including construction, oil and gas, and housing, said on Thursday second-quarter profits were $US999 million ($A1.08 billion), up four per cent from the year-ago period.
Chief executive Doug Oberhelman says Caterpillar now projects "a roughly flat" year for sales in 2014 compared with 2013.
"While we'd certainly like to see improvement in economies around the world, and more specifically, the mining industry, the stability that we've seen this year has helped," he said.
"Even though sales and revenues are relatively flat compared to last year, we've improved the bottom line with better execution and continued focus on costs."
Caterpillar's workforce was 115,292 at the end of the second quarter, down 5.8 per cent from a year ago.
Revenues in the resources segment tumbled 28.5 per cent as giant mining companies continued to refrain from major new projects to boost metals production.
On the flip side, revenues in the construction segment jumped 10.9 per cent. The company attributed the gain primarily to higher activity in North America.
Caterpillar lowered its 2014 revenue forecast from $US56 billion to a range of $US54-56 billion, reflecting a weaker outlook for construction in China, the Commonwealth of Independent States region made up of ex-Soviet countries and Africa/Middle East.
Caterpillar said net income would be slightly higher than previously forecast. The company now projects adjusted earnings of $US6.20 per share, up 10 US cents.
Earnings for the second quarter translated into $US1.57 per share. Excluding restructuring costs, earnings were $US1.69 per share. Analysts had forecast $US1.52 per share.
Revenues dropped 3.2 per cent to $US14.15 billion, below the $US14.46 billion projected by analysts.