Government Must Push Apprenticeships, not Cheap Labour 5

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Wednesday, May 18th, 2016
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Within 24 hours of the Turnbull Government’s unveiling of the PaTH program designed to address youth unemployment, both the Prime Minister and Employment Minister Michaelia Cash were unable to answer mounting questions relating to the initiative, which Cash described as ‘exciting.’

In the world I live in, no one is excited about being paid below the poverty line at $4 an hour. No one is excited about a scheme in which you receive no recognised training in a short-term job, only to be replaced by someone in exactly the same predicament as you.

In Australia, we have existing programs which provide structured training with internationally recognised qualifications and the acquisition of important and valuable skills. They lead to lifelong career paths made up of skilled, well-paid jobs with high levels of job satisfaction. These programs are called apprenticeships.

Young people have significant interest in apprenticeships. Talk back radio is full of mothers and fathers talking about the difficulty of getting their children into apprenticeships and asking why this is happening when there is an urgent need for an increase in skilled workers.

They have a very good point.

Australia needs skilled workers. In the construction industry, we must increase the workforce by 30 per cent, or 300,000, over the next 10 years so that our homes, schools, hospitals and much-needed infrastructure are built. At the same time, the number of Australians beginning an apprenticeship has plummeted since March 2015 by 20 per cent.

This is not surprising when you consider that over the last two years, the Government has cut funding to skills and training totalling $2.5 billion. One billion dollars has been cut to apprenticeships.

In Tuesday’s budget, another $247 million was axed from skills and training, with no new initiatives to address the skills shortage.

The Liberals’ previous $1 billion cuts to apprentice programs have hit hard. In September 2013 there were 417,700 apprentices in training across Australia. Due to the Government’s savage cuts, there are now only 295,300 apprentices.

That’s 122,400 fewer apprentices in training across the country, while the Government turns its back on cries from industry, workers, unions and the community.

The government can turn this around. Government-mandated quotas would boost apprenticeship numbers and help young people into long-term, successful careers in the construction industry while addressing the shortfall of skilled workers. It also assures the community of quality work in the building of our cities and towns.

It makes sense whichever way you look at it.

Both in Australia and internationally there is evidence of the need for government action in this area. In the UK, the government sought to redress the decline by prioritising resources into apprenticeships and the launch of a national scheme. This saw an increase from 167,700 apprenticeships in 2002-2003 to 457,000 by 2010-2011.

Yet the Turnbull Government is going backwards.

In addition to the cuts in funding,they are further hindering opportunities for young people by banning apprenticeship quotas through the ABCC legislation. Unlike what the government would have you believe, the laws are not about dealing with corruption and criminality. The legislation includes provisions that actually restrict unions from negotiating with employers for a certain number of apprentices in relation to the number of tradespeople involved.

Implementing laws that impede more apprenticeships is nothing short of neglect when, according to the latest Construction Outlook survey conducted by the Australian Industry Group and the Australian Contractors Association, activity in construction in the next financial year will soar with apartments, roads and rail projects driving the infrastructure boom.

A major focus of the CFMEU’s work has been in apprenticeships, in advocating for the provision of quality training and the maintenance of professional standards in the industry. We campaign for more apprenticeships because we care about creating the future generation of construction workers.

There are large numbers of young people who would embrace learning a trade that provides them with a future in a growing industry. This includes people who are underrepresented currently: indigenous workers, women and newly arrived migrants.

Rather than pouring resources into a campaign for laws that curb the human rights of construction workers, the Prime Minister may want to turn his attention to the real problems and boost the number of skilled workers to address the alarming shortfall in the industry.

There is no evidence that an ill-conceived, futile scheme that exploits young people improves their long-term prospects.

Mandating for apprenticeship quotas and increasing funding for apprenticeships, on the other hand, will deliver what everybody wants: good jobs, lower unemployment and workers with skills that are in demand.

Now that’s something to get excited about.

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5
  1. Gavin Mendes

    The cuts to apprenticeship programs are absurd and receive insufficient play in the mainstream media -government is supposed to look after the interests of its existing citizens, as opposed to potential candidate.

  2. Tim Pine

    Certainly no one can sensibly deny that we need to ups kill the workforce and that we need to encourage more people to get into trades and in that light, the cuts in budgets to training are disappointing notwithstanding the obvious need to re-balance the budget.

    With respect, however, I must say that I disagree with the criticism about the federal government's new program. It does, in a number of ways, appear to provide genuine support to young people attempting to get their start. And better yet, it also provides support for young people to take their own initiative and start their own enterprise – an idea often neglected in discussions about reducing unemployment.

    This is one of the areas in which I am glad we have moved on from the failed Abbott era. Within the Abbott era, the language was all about demonising, stigmatising and punishing those young people who were struggling to find work (and perhaps in some cases were having trouble with families and other aspects of their lives as well). I think Turnbull understands the idea that we need to get along and genuinely help young Australians under a relationship of genuine partnership. Such a mentality was not possible under the Abbott era, but under Turnbull, we really have a chance to do things much better.

  3. Mark Whitby

    Great article Dave,

    I do not understand why any government would cut back on apprenticeships, when they have been the backbone of the building industry since year dot.

    The old father-son tradition seems to have died out since the advent of builders becoming really large and being able to bargain down prices from suppliers: so much so that the smaller builders cannot compete any more.

    The result has been a disastrous drop in the quality of supervision by overworked inexperienced eyes.

  4. Karen O'Reilly-Briggs

    Just wanted to add that in Victoria, the Education and Training Reform Act of 2006 omitted any reference to 'proportion'. 'Proportion' was the term used to indicate the apprentice-tradesperson ratio. Since 2006 in Vic, it has not even been essential for employers to employ a qualified tradesperson to 'train' an apprentice, hence, many 'apprentices' do not receive training at work, yet, will still qualify at the end of their time as tradespeople thanks to the VET system. And people wonder why standards are dropping …

  5. Peter Higgs

    The Apprenticeship scheme has been railroaded by Industry and Government it need reassessing and re purposing for what it really should be. That is a great qualification for the young and not so young so we can continue to build this country with quality work and skills.