Whilst Australian politicians once again debate the merits of renewable energy and challenges from extreme weather events, on the other side of the world, hundreds of graduate students, scientists, government agencies and a range of participating universities, are hard at work on those matters.

They are mapping and modeling how one hundred existing, substantive solutions, like renewable energy and energy efficiency measures, will need to scaled over the next three decades. These solutions will complement social solutions that require behavioural change like dietary choices and educating girls, and ecological solutions like restoring carbon in…