Qatar will build the world’s first zero carbon sports stadium for the 2022 World Cup, in order to ensure that both players and spectators remain cool amidst the Gulf state’s sweltering weather conditions.
In order to assure concerned FIFA officials that such a feat is possible, the emirate enlisted the help of global engineering firm ARUP to design and build a trial 500 seat "mini stadium" using a swathe of the latest technologies.
The Showcase Stadium that ARUP provided was capable of keeping temperatures both in the seating area and on the playing field at a breezy 23 degrees Celsius even as temperatures outside the stadium soared as high as the 40s.
ARUP claims the barrage of cutting edge technologies and designs it has marshaled for the project have created the world's first zero carbon stadium, as it uses solar systems for power and is not reliant on any fossil fuel energy systems.
The cooling technologies used by the project encompass passive, mechanical and electrical measures. Solar photovoltaic technology is used to provide power to cooling equipment, while absorption chillers convey cool air through pipes to ensure that players on the pitch enjoy reasonable temperatures. The technology uses the same principles as underfloor heating pipes.
The roof of the stadium is equipped with reflective material which fends off the harsh sunlight and prevents the absorption of heat.
ARUP's design also provides significant flexibility for stadium owners and includes modular sections which can be removed following the World Cup's conclusion. This will permit the reduction of full-sized stadiums to more manageable dimensions in future, creating a venue that is better suited to Qatar's modest population size.
The hosting of the 2022 World Cup by Qatar will necessitate the construction of eight new stadiums and the overhaul of three existing structures, as well as a raft of infrastructure and transportation projects worth a total of $200 billion in investment.
In addition to ARUP, Qatar already has a number of the world's leading design and engineering firms on board for its World Cup 2022 preparations, including London-based Zaha Hadid Architects and Los Angeles-based consultancy AECOM, which has won the first contract for Al Wahrak Stadium as design consultants.