Melbourne’s new proposed buried railway, Stage 1 and the proposed Stage 2 of Gold Coast’s Light Rail, Capital Metro, and the Sunshine Coast Transit Corridor are all in various stages of debate or construction.

The business cases for all of these projects, along with the multitude of similar heavy rail and urban transit systems existing or proposed in Australia will be premised on the social, economic and environmental objectives of compact urban forms (the land use effect). Recent experience in Australia with toll roads…